Capacitively coupled RF discharge - Gaseous Electronics Conference reference reactor
The Gaseous Electronics Conference reactor (GEC reactor)  has been designed
and conceived to serve as a common platform for experimental and modeling studies.
The Reference Cell is thought to be a well-characterized system in which fundamental
studies of plasma behavior can be conducted. Experimental data obtained in the Cell
are also useful for benchmarking plasma simulations, which in turn provide insight
into the plasma dynamics.
The results presented below are obtained in pure Ar at variable pressure from
0.05 to 0.5 Torr at gas temperature of 300 K. RF voltage of 100 V and frequency of 13.56 MHz
In order to validate the PLASIMO results against experimental data, the geometry
and the dimensions are the same as in Ref. .
The species considered in the model are the electrons, ions and excited species. The later
represent an effective excited state. The background gas is assumed static and uniform.
Figure 1. Time averaged distribution of (a) electron density,
(b) ion density and (c) potential. Pure Ar at pressure of
0.1 Torr and applied voltage of 100 V at frequency of 13.56 MHz.
PLASIMO is validated by comparing results with experimental and modeling data [2,3].
The operating conditions are the same as in figure 1.
The experimental values for the ion and electrons differ by a factor of 1.4 due to the
different methods used to measure the electron and ion density . The authors state that
the two values should act as upper and lower bounds of the actual charge concentration.
Figure 2. Axial electron density profile at r=0.0 cm.
Figure 3. Radial electron density profile at a distance of 1.25 cm from the
Variation of the conditions
Figure 4. Radial electron density profile at different pressure.
Figure 5. Radial electron density profile at different applied voltage.
P. J. Hargis, K. E. Greenberg, P. A. Miller, J. B. Gerardo, J. R. Torczynski, M. E. Riley,
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H. M. Anderson, M. P. Splichal, J. L. Mock, P. Bletzinger, A. Garscadden, R. A. Gottscho,
G. Selwyn, M. Dalvie, J. E. Heidenreich, J. W. Butterbaugh, M. L. Brake, M.L. Passow,
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R. Horwath, and T. R. Turner, (1994). The Gaseous Electronics Conference radio-frequency
reference cell: A defined parallel-plate radio-frequency system for experimental and
theoretical studies of plasma-processing discharges,
Rev. Sci. Instr. 65, 140–154.
L. J. Overzet and M. B. Hopkins (1993), Spatial variation in the charge density of argon
discharges in the Gaseous Electronic Conference reference reactor,
Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2484.
J. P. Beouf and L. C. Pitchford (1995), 2D model of a capacitively coupled RF discharge
and comparisons with experiments in the GEC reference reactor,
Phys. Rev. E, 51, 1376–1390.